Cape Town Declaration

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Participants of the Biblical Worldview Summit (24 June - 1 July 2011) from Uganda, Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa and the United States gathered to understand the times and to study the Word of God. They affirmed their commitment to applying the Lordship of Christ to all areas of life.

THE LORDSHIP OF CHRIST IN ALL AREAS OF LIFE

AFFIRMATIONS AND DENIALS

I. We affirm that Christ is both Saviour and Lord, and the two cannot be separated. (1)

We deny that anyone can receive Christ as his Saviour while he consciously rejects Him as Lord. This is deception. (2)

1. Isaiah 55:6-7; Mat. 6:12; 7:21-27; 10:32-33; 11:28-29; Luke 18:18-30; 19:1-10; 24:46-47; Acts 2:37-38; 3:19; 5:31; 17:30; 16:31; 20:21; Romans 2:4; 4:23-24; 10:9; 2 Cor. 7:10; Heb. 5:9; 6:1; 1 Peter 1:2; Rev. 3:19

2. 1 Cor. 6:9-11; 1 John 3:6-8

II. We affirm that Jesus Christ has two natures, human and Divine, inseparably united, and is thus able to conquer sin and death by His power. (1)

We deny that repentance is simply or only a change of mind.

1.1Tim 2:5-6; Col 1:15-20; Phil 2:8-11.

III. We affirm that saving faith is always an instrument or means through which Christ redeems a sinner. (1) It is never a meritorious basis of salvation. (2)

We deny that a person can come to saving faith unless the Spirit of the Lord draws that person. 3

1. John 3:15-16, 18, 36; 5:24; Acts 10:43; Rom. 3:23-26; 10:9-10

2. Rom. 3:27-28; Eph. 2:8-9; Titus 3:5-7

3. John 6:44,65; Titus 3:3-7

IV. We affirm that repentance is prerequisite to salvation. (1) The sinner must acknowledge his sinfulness with his mind and heart, mourn his lost estate, and turn from his sin (2) and He must come under the ownership and Lordship of Christ for obedience to His commands. (3)

We deny that repentance is valid when a person simply wants to implement a plan of reform. (4)

1. Luke 24:46-47; Acts 2:37-38; 3:19; 5:31; 17:30; 20:21; 26:18; Rom. 2:4; 2 Cor. 7:10; 1 John 3:6-8; 2:1-6

2. Psalm 32:5; 51:1-19; Pro. 28:13; Jer. 3:13; Ezek. 36:31; Mat. 3:6; Acts 19:18; Rom. 6:12,16; 1 John 1:9-10

3. Jer. 31:30; Mat. 5:17-19; 7:21-23; 22:37-40; 28:19-20; John 3:36; 14:15; Acts 6:7; Rom 1:5; 2:8; 10:9-10; 16:19, 26; 1 Cor. 9:21; Philip. 2:9-13; Titus 2:14; Heb. 3:18-19; 4:2-6; 5:9; 11:8; James 1:22-2:26; 1 Peter 1:2; 4:17; 1 John 2:4; 3:4

4. Psa. 49:7-8; Jer. 13:23; Rom. 3:19-28

V. We affirm that saving faith is a gift of God's Grace that involves: repentance(1), obedience to Christ's call (2), and volitional trust in Christ alone (3).

We deny that anyone can be saved without acknowledging a need for Christ or without trust and obedience in the heart.

1. Isaiah 1:16-17; Mat. 3:8; Luke 24:46-47; Acts 2:37-38; 3:19, 26; 5:31; 11:18; 14:15; 17:30; 20:21; 26:18, 20; Rom. 2:4; 2 Cor. 7:10-11; 1 Thes. 1:9; 2 Tim. 2.25; 1 John 3:6-8; 2:1-6

2. Mat. 11:28-30; Luke 9:23; John 3:36; 5:39-40; 6:44; 7:37-38; Rom. 1:5; 1 Peter 1:2

3. John 1:12; 3:14-18, 36; 5:24, 38-47; 6:28-29, 35-40, 57-58; 7:38; 11:25; 20:31; Rom. 4:23-25; 2 Tim. 1:12

VI. We affirm that in sharing the Gospel with others, we need to challenge an individual to acknowledge the Lordship of Christ the Creator (1).

We deny that obeying Christ as Lord can ever be regarded as meritorious works leading to salvation.

1. 1 Cor 15:25; Phil 2:9-11; Col 2:6-7.

VII. We affirm that the New Testament teaches the inextricable relationship of justification and sanctification. Justification will issue forth in a life of gradual growth in sanctification as the believer responds to the Lordship which was begun at the time of salvation (1).

We deny that the progress of sanctification is uniform for all believers or that it implies perfection or the absence of intermittent sin or struggle (2).

1. John 14:15; Acts 15:20; Rom. 6:6-7, 15-23; 8:12-13; 12:1-2; 13:13-14; 1 Cor. 6:9-11; 2 Cor. 6:16-7:1; Gal. 5:16-26; Eph. 4:14-5:11; Phil. 1:6; 2:12-13; Col. 3:5-4:6; 1 Thes. 4:3; 2 Thes. 2:13; 1 Tim. 6:11-12; 2 Tim. 2:19, 22; Titus 2:11-14; Heb. 5:9; 12:14; James 2:14-26; 1 Peter 1:13-23; 4:1-3; 2 Peter 1:4-11; 3:14; 1 John 1:9-2:6; 2:15-17; 3:1-10; Rev. 3:21

2. 1 John 1:9-2:6

VIII. We affirm that all true Christians are at various stages of their growth through the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit, without whom there is no "salvation" in the Biblical sense (1).

We deny that the New Testament teaches about two classes of Christians: 1. those who have accepted Christ as Saviour, but remain in a state of immaturity, or carnality (so-called "secret believers" or "carnal Christians"), and 2. those who have gone on to obey Christ as Lord and thereby become His "spiritual disciples." This distinction is an artificial expedient and false conception of the Body of Christ.

1. Rom. 6:11-18; 1 Cor. 6:9-11; Gal. 5:16-24; Heb. 12:14

IX. We affirm that some who profess acceptance of Christ, without explicitly, or implicitly, facing the issue of Christ's Lordship, are not saved; and we affirm that these, over a period of time, will likely, by persisting in an unregenerate way of life, make this evident (1).

We deny that a life of persistent disobedience to the Lord can be the life of a true Christian (2). We further deny that there can be a true understanding of salvation where Christ is considered Saviour apart from His Lordship.

1. Mat. 7:21; 1 Cor. 6:9-11; Gal. 5:16-24; Heb. 10:26-31

2. Heb. 10:26-31; 1 John 3:1-12

X. We affirm that a Christian needs to submit to Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour.

ETERNAL JUDGEMENT

AFFIRMATIONS AND DENIALS

Article I

We affirm that only Christians will spend eternity with God in Heaven and that all unbelievers will spend eternity in hell (1).

We deny that the doctrines of universalism, annihilationism, conditional immortality, reincarnation, purgatory, and post-death conversion may be derived from Scripture or from the history of the Church.

1. Matthew 25:46; Revelation 22:11

Article II

We affirm that the doctrine of the conscious eternal punishment of the lost must be derived from the Scripture and from Scripture alone. We further affirm that the doctrine of the conscious eternal punishment of the lost has always been the teaching of the mainstream church (1).

We deny that the doctrine of life after death may be based upon "near death" or "after death" experiences, or through the testimony of mediums or other supposed contacts with the dead.

1.Hebrews 9:27; Daniel 12:1-2; Gal 6:7; Romans 6:23.

Article III

We affirm that God's justice and eternal wrath are ontologically and rationally consistent with His love and mercy. We further affirm that the wrath of the Lamb is the same as the wrath of God and that the Son is not more merciful than the Father. (1)

We deny that it is unjust for God to grant mercy to those who believe and not to those who reject Him. (2)

1. Matt 13:40- 42; John 5:28-29; Numbers 32:23.

2. Matt 23:33

Article IV

We affirm that God is the judge of all mankind and that all humans will be resurrected and judged. Those whose names are not found in the Book of Life will be consigned to the lake of fire for eternity (1).

We deny that there are any other options than Heaven and Hell, and we deny that there is any escape for those consigned to the lake of fire. (2)

1. Revelation 20:15; 2 Cor 5:10; 2 Peter 3:10-12; Mark 8:36

2. Matt 25:41

Article V

We affirm that God's integrity would be violated if He did not punish sin, but we also affirm that God justly assigns degrees of punishment to those in hell (1).

We deny that eternal torment in the lake of fire is inconsistent with the Bible or with the character of God. (2)

1. Matthew 11:21-24; Revelation 14:11

2. Revelation 20:10-15

Article VI

We affirm that the suffering in the lake of fire is real, conscious and without end (1).

We deny that it is Biblical to compromise the reality of the consciousness, or the unceasing character, of the punishment in hell (2).

1. Matthew 10:28; Mark 9:43-44; Luke 16:24

2. Revelation 20:10

Article VII

We affirm that salvation is only through Christ's Atonement whether or not a person has heard the Gospel. We further affirm that the benefits of Christ's Atonement can only be obtained during one's present life on earth (1).

We deny that there is any salvation or escape from hell after one's death (2).

1. Hebrews 9:27

2. Luke 16:26

Article VIII

We affirm the need to combat false doctrines of universalism, annihilationism, and post-death salvation which diminish the importance of preaching the reality and terrors of hell and the necessity of repentance in this life, and thus minimize the motivation for missions and evangelism.

We deny that these false doctrines minimize the offense of the Gospel, or that by taking away the threat of eternal punishment, the lost will more readily accept God's message of salvation (1).

1. Luke 16:31

Definitions for this Declaration:

Universalism: Every human will eventually be saved from Adam on.

Annihilationism: Unsaved humans will cease to exist after death at some point.

Conditional immortality: Immortality is only conferred upon believers.

Post-death conversion: Humans have a second chance to be saved after death.

Adapted from International Church Council Declarations on www.churchcoalition.org.

Christian Action P.O.Box 23632 Claremont 7735 Cape Town South Africa info@christianaction.org.za - 021-689-4481 - www.christianaction.org.za
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