TEN KEY PRINCIPLES of FREEDOM 1 2019Centralisation of power in a unitary state has always been a pagan tendency, as seen in Nineveh and Babel (Genesis 10:11; 11:1). Because power corrupts, it is wise to limit and divide the powers of civil government in a system of checks and balances. God established in the government of Israel, ten key principles of freedom:

1.         A written constitution, or covenant, based upon the revealed Word of God to clearly define and restrict the powers of government (Psalm 19:7-10).

2.         A separation of powers and functions into three branches of civil government: Executive (the king); Legislative (the Council and Sanhedrin); Judiciary (the elders or judges in each community). These three functions of government are based on how the Lord revealed His government (Isaiah 9:6-7). “(For the Lord is our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King; He will save us)” Isaiah 33:22.


3.         An independent judiciary and a right to fair trial (Exodus 23:1-3; 2 Chronicles 19:5-7; Deuteronomy 19:15-19).


4.         A national legislature (law-making body). The one house was composed of representative judges, or officials, directly elected by the people (Exodus 18:21; Deuteronomy 1:13-17).


5.         A second house in the legislature composed of two hereditary elders from each of the 11 tribes (or geographic areas) of Israel, in addition to 24 priests from the tribe of Levi and 2 scribes (lawyers) from each of the 12 tribes. This not elected (but traditional community leaders) body totalled 70 men and became known as the Sanhedrin (Exodus 24:1; Numbers 11:16-17).


6.         An executive office (Judge, or King) elected with the guidance of God and the consent of the elders (Deuteronomy 17:14-20; 1 Chronicles 11:3).


7.         A decentralised state (Exodus 24:1; Deuteronomy 1:13-17; Acts 17:26) with most responsibilities and powers on local municipalities, families and individual citizens.


8.         A citizens army (Militia) made up of trained citizens who have the right and duty to bear arms for the defence of their home and family, community and nation (Numbers 1:2-3; Judges 3:2; Exodus 22:2; Deuteronomy 20:1-4; Numbers 4:14; Numbers 32:20; 1 Samuel 25:13).


9.         A free market economy based upon the private ownership of property (Exodus 20:15, 17; Deuteronomy 19:14) and individual free enterprise (Ecclesiastes 5:19; Proverbs 10:2-4, 12:24, 13:4, 11; 1 Thessalonians 3:10).


10.      An education programme controlled by parents, aided by the church, but independent of the state (Deuteronomy 6:7; Hosea 4:6; Matthew 28:19; Ephesians 6:4; Colossians 2:8).


Dr. Peter Hammond

Reformation Society

P.O. Box 74 Newlands 7725

Cape Town South Africa

Tel: 021-689-4480

Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website: www.ReformationSA.org


This has been taken from Biblical Principles for Africa (also available in Afrikaans and French) available from : Christian Liberty Books, PO Box 358, Howard Place 7450, Cape Town, South Africa, Tel: 021-689-7478, Fax: 086-551-7490, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and Website: www.christianlibertybooks.co.za.

Christian Action P.O.Box 23632 Claremont 7735 Cape Town South Africa info@christianaction.org.za - 021-689-4481 - www.christianaction.org.za
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